As of Windows 10 Insider Preview build 10547, you can now choose to have notifications regarding problems with USB devices.
The following tutorial demonstrates how to turn on or off the receiving of notifications regarding any issues you might be having with connecting to USB devices.
How to Turn On/Off Notify On USB Errors in Settings
1. Open the Settings app and click on “Devices” from the Windows Settings menu.
2. From the Devices menu, click on “USB” and then check or uncheck the box next to where it says “Notify me if there are issues connecting to USB devices.”
3. You can now close the Settings app.