The Favorites bar runs across the top of the Edge browser as a traditional toolbar would. You can add folders to your Favorites bar for quick access to them. With the folders, you can choose between showing descriptive icons by themselves or with names to go with them.
The following tutorial demonstrates how to show icons or names on the Microsoft Edge Favorites bar.
How to Show Icons/Names on Microsoft Edge Favorites Bar
Note: This tutorial assumes you have already turned on the Favorites bar.
1. With Edge open, right-click on one of the folders.
2. If you right-clicked on a folder showing only an icon, you can select from the menu to show it with a name as well.
3. If you right-clicked on a folder showing an icon and name, you can select from the menu to show it with the icon only.
In conclusion, that is how to show icons or names on the Microsoft Edge Favorites bar.